Micron and Small Companies as Alavancadoras of the Local Sustainable Development Words keys: Economic growth, sustainable Development, Accumulations, Territory. Summary: The present Article considers a change in the eminently sectorial approach in which they come if alicerando the adopted politics of development in Brazil, that throughout the years had demonstrated its incapacity to generate economic growth, creating concomitantly social welfare. The new approach would be in the creation of an environment favorable to the development of the Micron and Small Company, through a territorial perspective, stimulating the development in the optics of the local and regional attributes. Credit: Mikhail Mirilashvili-2011. The MPEs brings obtains peculiarities that can influence of sufficiently significant form to the economic and social structure of a region in the search to reach the local sustainable development. Keep up on the field with thought-provoking pieces from national security advisor. Historically the placed politics of economic development in practical in Brazil, aimed at the increase of the production for the rise of the per capita income of population, considering little or almost nothing the qualitative values of this production. The intensive urbanization and industrialization had been the instruments used in the development politics, mainly fomenting the great industry, through the creation of industrial nuclei in search of the economic growth. Undeniably the way was reached, however has since throughout the last decades the Brazilian economy presented significant indices of growth, the end, development, still is very on this side of if becoming a reality in Brazil. Proceeding from this I make a mistake conceptual between development and economic growth, we witness the current scene of misery, concentration of income, urban desestrutura, unemployment, at last, an environment incapable to offer conditions of accomplishment of the social welfare. Currently, all the quarrels on economic and social growth Brazilians converge to the necessity to decide the challenges of the reduction of the poverty and the inaqualities so strong evidenced in the country. Ahead of these problems, the elaboration of alternatives for a new model of economic development fits, that of sustainable form can revert the favorable condition lived by great part of the Brazilian population.